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4 Common Types Of Melasma, Causes And Treatments For Melasma

Melasma is one of the most obvious signs of skin aging but is completely treatable. So what are the popular facial melasma treatments today? Before delving into effective methods of treatments for Melasma , let’s help Keangnam Korea distinguish between 4 common types of melasma as well as the notes and characteristics of each type in the article below!

So what is melasma? What are the causes of melasma forming on facial skin, causing loss of aesthetics and becoming difficult to treat?

Summary of common types of melasma
Summary of common types of melasma on Oriental skin

What is Melasma?

Melasma is a skin disease that often appears in women aged 25-50 years old. Melasma is formed due to the accumulation of too much melanin pigment under the skin, creating black or brown patches on the face.

To be able to completely treat melasma, customers need to determine the type of melasma they are experiencing and the cause of their formation. From there, find an appropriate method to treat melasma and freckles, returning bright, naturally beautiful skin.

Common Types of Melasma

1. What is Melasma ?

What is melasma? Causes and effective treatments for facial melasma
Illustration image of melasma

How to recognize

Melasma is one of the most common types of facial melasma. This type of melasma has a base that does not penetrate deep inside and only forms in the epidermis and epidermis of the skin.

In terms of characteristics, melasma is quite pale in color, gradually spreading in small patches but with clearly defined borders; Usually appears on the cheekbones, forehead, chin and nose.

Causes of melasma

Melasma is formed due to factors such as:

  • External environment such as sunlight, dust, pollution,…
  • Changes in body hormones
  • Using poor quality cosmetics and containing toxic chemicals
  • Long-term use of birth control pills or drug allergies

2. What is Melasma Spots ?

What are melasma spots? Causes and treatments for perennial facial melasma
Illustration of melasma spots and deep melasma.

How to recognize

Spotted melasma is also known as deep melasma. This type of melasma is located deep under the skin’s dermis, usually light brown in color, gradually turning dark and shaped like round dots. Melasma spots often appear on the cheekbones, forehead or chin. Experts assess that the treatment of melasma is quite complicated because of its location.

Causes of melasma and spots

Factors that cause melasma include:

  • Hormonal disorders during pre- and postpartum period, premenopausal period or hormone changes
  • Genetic factors, aging after age 30
  • Impact from sunlight and environmental pollution

3. What is Mixed Melasma?

What is mixed melasma? Causes and effective ways to treat melasma and freckles
Illustration of mixed melasma

How to recognize

Mixed melasma is a combination of melasma types: patchy melasma and spotty melasma. This is considered the most difficult type of melasma to treat because the root of the melasma is embedded deep inside the epidermis and the color is uneven. Melasma patches ranging from small to large are darker in color than small spots, often concentrated in the area around the eyes, bridge of the nose, and cheekbones and appear in patches, dark brown or dark brown.

Causes of mixed melasma

The causes of mixed melasma include:

  • Environmental factors, dirt, pollution, especially sunlight
  • Influence from genetics
  • Effects of the natural aging process

4. Other types of melasma

Besides the three common types above, there are many cases of other types of melasma such as:

  • Hormonal melasma – is a type of melasma formed due to hormonal imbalance, leading to bad appearance on the skin, easily reversible with surface treatments.
  • Smoke melasma – a type of melasma that is blue-purple or black in color, the degree of impact often depends on the accumulation of melanin pigment
  • Butterfly wing melasma – melasma shaped like butterfly wings, dark brown in color, often spreading on the cheeks or forehead
  • Hori melasma – small gray or brown melasma that often forms on the cheeks, eyes, and temples

How to Treat Long-Term Facial Melasma Safely and Effectively

Currently, there are many safe and extremely effective melasma treatment methods. Customers can refer to 2 popular ways below:

Choose products that inhibit melanin production

This is one of the easy ways to treat melasma at home using topical medications and peripheral effects. People who are experiencing mild melasma can choose products containing melanin-inhibiting ingredients such as:

  • Hydroquinone
  • Niacinamide
  • N-Acetyl Glucosomine
  • Arbutin
  • Kojic Acid

However, depending on each person’s constitution and skin condition, the effectiveness of drug use may vary. Besides, customers should research carefully and consult experts before choosing this method.

In addition, to achieve the best results, customers can also use melasma treatment creams and serums. Always pay attention to the ingredient list and choose a reputable product before using!

Ways to treat melasma and freckles using modern technology methods

Treating facial melasma with high technology is the most popular method today. Some modern invasive technologies are being widely applied such as:

1. Treat facial melasma with the Peeling method

This method uses a determined concentration of acid, acting on the skin surface. Accordingly, old skin layers with many dark pigments will be removed, forming new skin that is smoother and brighter.

2. How to treat melasma with Laser

This melasma treatment technology will use light with the appropriate wavelength, identify areas of melanin accumulation and break down their structure. From there, these dark pigments will naturally be eliminated, the skin will gradually change and become whiter and smoother. This method is considered one of the most optimal options to treat deep melasma, melasma and freckles in the most thorough way.

3. How to treat melasma using the needle rolling method

This process uses a sharp needle tip to impact the skin, causing skin damage to stimulate cells to regenerate themselves. This helps the skin become brighter, whiter and reduces melanin on the skin.

4. Treat melasma and freckles from the inside with Exo Pcell+ technology

EXO PCELL+ injection method is the most advanced way to rejuvenate skin and help treat melasma and freckles today. This technology will help push the active ingredient EXO PCELL+ deep into the skin, repel aging and effectively treat dark spots and uneven skin tone. Not only that, this method also increases fat tissue production, erases wrinkles and stimulates the growth of healthy muscle tissue. In particular, this therapy uses endogenous cells in the body, the treatment is fast and completely non-invasive.

How to treat melasma and freckles from the inside
Treat long-term, stubborn melasma thoroughly with the latest technology from Keangnam Korea, simulating 99% accurate results.

Currently, customers can choose this melasma treatment method at Keangnam Korea Beauty Salon. Here we use EXO PCELL+ active ingredients imported directly, guaranteed genuine. When using this treatment, the skin will be cared for, restored and nourished from deep within, eliminating the risk of melasma. Besides, the method will be performed by experts and professional dermatologists with more than 10 years of experience. Furthermore, Keangnam Korea commits to a lifetime warranty on service quality when customers choose injections and guarantees a refund if it is not effective.

Above are the common types of melasma, causes and treatments that Keangnam Korea wants to share with customers. Hopefully, this useful information will help you understand more about your skin and choose the most suitable method to regain plump, bright, smooth skin!

For more details about EXO PCELL+ technology to completely and effectively treat melasma today! → For detailed information, see: EXO PCELL+ or contact hotline 0911.833.555 for quick advice on suitable skin cosmetic service solutions.


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